7 Reasons to Consider Speech Therapy for Kids

Choosing any kind of therapy for a child can be a daunting process. While you certainly care about your child’s future, there’s often a voice in the back of a parent’s head that spreads discomfort with the idea of seeking out any type of treatment. After all, it’s difficult to determine what’s normal – especially if you don’t have much experience with therapy. Deciding upon speech therapy for kids might seem like overkill in some situations. Nonetheless, there is a number of ways in which can be helpful. Below are just a few of the situations that can tell you if speech therapy should be considered for your children or not.

little boys being happy on camera with toys, colorful clothes

 1. Stuttering and Speech Issues

Speech issues like stuttering can be very difficult for children. Not only does it hurt their ability to communicate with their peers, but these problems can also damage a child’s self-confidence.

Difficulties with clear communication are among the most common reasons to pursue speech therapy for kids for a reason. A good therapist is able to come up with programs of treatment that can help a child to eliminate or lessen their speech issues. While there might not always be a perfect solution to these problems, many children do show a remarkable degree of improvement upon working with a speech therapist.

 2. Problems Finding the Right Words

Does your child have difficulty finding the right words? Does he or she tend to mix up descriptive words or have problems matching words to concepts? This is a very common reason for parents to pursue speech therapy for kids.

While it may not take years of extensive therapy to overcome these problems for some children, a therapist is better able to determine the root cause of the problem. Professional help will address the issues in a way that will be useful for the child.

Children who are unable to communicate effectively can find themselves at a disadvantage later in life. Therefore, taking steps to pursue speech therapy now can be quite useful.

3. Difficulty with Language

Language acquisition is a key part of childhood. Unfortunately, not all children are able to acquire language proficiency at the same speed.

In some cases, there are physiological or neurological issues at play that make it hard for a child to understand language. In other cases, the child may not have been exposed to appropriate influences at a young age. Therefore, the little one develops problems dealing with complex language concepts.

In either case, adding speech therapy for kids to the child’s routine can help him or her to overcome some of those difficulties. While it may not be an easy process, it is possible for many children to acquire typical language skills even when they start from a deficit.

4. Reading Problems

Speech therapy for kids can be incredibly useful when it comes to language-based activities like reading. Children who have difficulty reading may not necessarily have trouble with the act of putting the words together. However, they rather may not be able to deal with the sound combinations.

In other cases, these children might have a great deal of difficulty determining the meaning of the words. That’s because they may not have the basic vocabulary available to explain the terms. In either case, a good speech therapist can help the child to overcome some of his or her reading issues and perform better in school.

 5. Problems in School

little kid trying to stay focused in class

Is your child lagging behind in school? Does he or she seem to have problems retaining knowledge or putting together coherent ideas in his or her papers? If so, there is a chance he or she might be suffering from some kind of auditory processing disorder.

Even if there is not a significant processing disorder, the child may still have a gap when it comes to his or her language development. It can be shocking how much ground can be made up when you choose speech therapy for kids. Even if they seem not to have any major problems when it comes to conversing or reading, they still need some one-on-one guidance.

6. Hearing Issues

Children who have hearing issues often develop issues with language. If your child has any kind of hearing loss, there is a good chance that his or her speech skills could have suffered as a result.

The child may very well be able to catch up to his or her peers despite the auditory issues. Nonetheless, it will take the help of a good speech therapist to make up the difference. This is especially common in young children who might have needed to have tubes put in their ears. Years of being unable to hear clearly might require the aid of a therapist to overcome.

7. Difficulty with Feeding and Swallowing

Speech therapy is not just a therapeutic process for those who have issues with language. Many speech therapists also work with children and adults who have issues with feeding and swallowing problems.

If your child seems unable or unwilling to eat or if he or she often gags, there might be a physiological problem that a speech therapist can remediate. Children who often cough or gag when they attempt to eat solid feeds can often benefit from the help of a good speech therapist.

Final Thoughts

There are a variety of very good reasons to choose speech therapy for your child. Whether you know that there are concrete medical issues or you simply think your child might need help, it’s important that you schedule a consultation.

Remember, the worst thing that can happen is that you find out your child doesn’t need speech therapy; there is simply no reason for you to be afraid. If you think there is even a small chance that speech therapy can help your child, make the call for an evaluation today.

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7 Signs Of Dehydration In Kids And How To Treat Them

We can easily say that water is an essential part of life. This element constitutes 60% of a human body. Thanks to water, our bodies receive proper nutrition while kidneys work to flush waste products away. On top of these all, without water, we could never maintain the ideal body temperature.

Dehydration in kids occurs when an excessive amount of fluid is lost by the child. This can sometimes be a common problem for children. Luckily, this scenario has an easy fix. The important thing is to recognize the signs of dehydration in children as soon as possible.

dried fruits assorted dehydrated apricots, cherries, apples

1. Dry Skin

One surefire way to identify signs of dehydration in kids is to pay close attention to a child’s skin. Approximately one-third of the external tissue consists of water. When there is not enough water present in the body, it does not take very long for the skin to show the signs of this deficiency.

Dehydration causes the skin to lose its elasticity. Because of this, a simple test that can be used to check for dehydration in kids. It involves pinching the skin on the back of the hand. If the child’s skin is slow to return to its previous position, the child is probably suffering from dehydration.

2. Showing Signs of Fatigue or Being Cranky

Another of the dependable signs of dehydration in kids is daytime fatigue. This fatigue can manifest itself in a number of ways. A child can seem listless or lethargic and can have trouble concentrating on schoolwork or other tasks. When it comes to progressed forms of dehydration, the little ones can become pale and physically weak.

Often times, the fatigue that results from dehydration in kids will cause the mood of a child to be negatively affected. The child could become easily irritable or exhibit an increased tendency to cry. Also, children suffering the effects of dehydration may not want to participate in playtime activities as much as usual.

3. Frequent Headaches

When the body is deprived of water, headaches can often occur. The theory is that these headaches are caused by a lowered blood volume and intracranial dehydration.

The good thing, in this case, is that water has been shown in multiple studies to provide relief from dehydration-induced headaches quickly. In one study, subjects were found to gain relief from these headaches in less than 30 minutes.

4. Changes in Frequency and Appearance of Urine

Dark, concentrated urine is one of the certain signs of dehydration in kids. A decreased amount of excreted urine is also a pretty sure sign that a child is in need of an increased fluid intake. It is very important for infants to pay closer attention to the appearance and amount of urine. They are not able to communicate any other symptoms they may be experiencing.

Infants younger than six months old who produce little or no urine for a six-hour period may be dehydrated. This is also true for toddlers who do not produce urine for 6 to 8 hours.

5. Salt Cravings

It is important to remember that when searching for signs of dehydration in kids much more than water loss is important. Salt and other electrolytes also leave the body along with fluids. When these substances are not adequately restored to the body, dehydration will occur. This is the reason that many sports drinks for athletes contain electrolytes to replenish the body.

Therefore, similar to the body’s natural response of craving water when needing fluids, dehydration in kids may be accompanied by a sudden and unexplained cravings for salt.

6. Bad or Odd Smelling Breath

small boy in red tshirt holding his mouth open with his hand

Saliva works to naturally clean the teeth and the mouth. The production of saliva is diminished when dehydrated which results in the buildup of bacteria in the mouth.

These bacteria can often become the source of bad or odd smelling breath. This is one of the unpleasant signs of dehydration in kids.

7. Rapid Pulse

An indication of more severe dehydration in kids is a weak and rapid pulse. The child may also not appear to be as alert as usual or become disoriented. The mouth and the lips of the child may also look dry or chalky. If these signs occur, the immediate help of qualified medical personnel should be sought.

How to Treat Signs of Dehydration

The remedy for dehydration in kids is to replenish the fluids that have been lost from the body. This is not a difficult thing to do. Luckily, in most cases, there is no need to alert a doctor. A few remedies that work are:

  • Consume Fruits and Vegetables- A great way to replenish the fluid levels of a child is to provide meals containing watery fruits and vegetables. Good examples of foods that could benefit this situation are cucumbers, watermelon, oranges, celery, and much more than can be named. One study concluded that eating fruits and vegetables high in water content can replenish the body when dehydrated with twice the efficiency that water can.
  • Coconut Water- Coconut water is used naturally for hydration in many tropical regions. The high electrolyte content of coconuts can be extremely useful in treating dehydration in kids. A glass of coconut water works better than a serving of many sports drinks.
  • Soups And Broths- Watery soups with vegetables are an excellent choice to replace lost fluids in the body. When combating dehydration in kids, be sure to add vegetables that are high in water content to the broth. It is important that the broth is not too thick.
  • Epsom Bath- Another excellent tactic for alleviating dehydration in kids that not many are aware of is to take a warm Epsom bath. Epsom salts are high in magnesium which obliterates the effects of dehydration.

happy little boy naked taking a bath in bathtub


It is not uncommon for kids to lose more fluids than is healthy for their bodies. The causes are various from a brief illnesses to excess sweating through playtime or organized sports activities. It is important to know the signs of dehydration in kids. This way, when this problem occurs, parents can take the necessary steps to provide relief as quickly as possible.

Once it is noted that a child is suffering from dehydration, the use of one or more of the treatment methods described above should be sufficient to solve the problem. When dehydration in kids persists for more than just a few days, the family should contact a physician.

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How Many Hours of Sleep Do Kids Need?

How many hours of sleep do kids need? That is an important question for parents to consider. It is a number that changes as children grow older. It may be easy for parents to take it for granted that their child will naturally sleep as much as they need. Nonetheless, sleep needs and patterns change from infancy to childhood. Parents play an important role in facilitating healthy sleep patterns and a consistent schedule.

Adequate sleep is also imperative for physical and mental growth. On top of that, sleep cues aren’t always obvious. Here are some helpful tips so that you can determine how many hours of sleep do kids need at various ages. We will also break down the necessary night time sleeping hours and nap hours.

baby girl sleeps in bed with stuffed bunny in her arms

How Many Hours of Sleep Do Newborns Need?

While sleep may seem chaotic for babies, there is a method to the madness. Infants 0-3 months old require about 14-17 hours of sleep in a 24-hour period. While some may sleep a little more or less than that, they should still stay within the range of 11-19 hours. Babies have small stomachs, and their sleep rotates around their eating schedule instead of night and day. It will take them awhile before their bodies are capable of sleeping longer stretches of time.

Tracking sleep helps at this age since they sleep in short bursts of no more than 2-4 hours. If you notice they are sleeping too much or too little, it is important to talk to their pediatrician to rule out sleep disorders or health concerns. Learning to understand sleep cues also helps avoid over-stimulation and over tiredness.

How Many Hours of Sleep Do Babies Need?

Babies from 4-11 months should sleep 12-15 hours in a 24-hour period. However, they shouldn’t stay dormant less than 10 hours and no more than 18 hours. At this age, their sleep should fall into more of a predictable schedule with about 3 naps a day. Sometime after 6 months, they will likely drop to 2 naps a day. Nonetheless, timing differs between children. In fact, in the earlier months, four naps a day isn’t uncommon, and naps can range from 30 minutes to 2 hours.

Babies generally become capable of sleeping through the night at this stage. However, developmental milestones can disrupt sleep for small stretches of time. In this phase, babies are still spending more time asleep than awake. Parents can help their children develop good sleep habits in this phase by creating bedtime routines and putting their baby to bed drowsy but awake.

How Many Hours of Sleep Do Kids Need when They Are Toddlers?

Sometime after their first birthday, your child will drop to 1 nap a day, but will still need about 12-14 hours of sleep in a 24 hour period. These sleep needs (and a daily nap) are still important throughout their toddler years. As they grow older, their naps will shorten, but they will generally need to hold onto this nap throughout their second and third years.

Increased mobility and nightmares can cause sleep disruptions at this age, along with their desire to be independent. Consistent bedtimes, sleep environment, and routines help toddlers stay on track. Parents can also talk with their toddlers about what is expected of them at bedtime.

How Many Hours of Sleep Do Preschoolers Need?


While most 3-year-olds still take a nap, by the time they are 5, most children will have dropped that last nap. At this age, children need an average of 10 to 13 hours of sleep. Nonetheless, that amount can still range from 8-14 hours. Children in this age range are still prone to sleep disruptions caused by nightmares or overactive imaginations.



How Many Hours of Sleep Do Kids Need When They Are School Age?


School and social commitments tend to play more of an influence on sleep at this age. However, it is important to still aim for your child to get about 9-11 hours of sleep per night. Adequate sleep continues to be key for facilitating a child’s physical and mental development.

Electronics and caffeine are factors that compete with sleep. Watching TV close to bed is linked with disrupted sleep. If you know the answer to “How many hours of sleep do kids need?” yet your kids don’t hold fast to it, the guilty part might be their routine. Therefore, try to interrupt any screen time before bed. At this age, avoiding stimulation close to bedtime will help kids to sleep well.



How Many Hours of Sleep Do Teenagers Need?

teenager boy sleeps in bed with awaken puppy yawning in his arms


While we don’t often think about the sleep needs of teenagers, they are still physically and mentally developing. As a result, adequate sleep is still important. Teenagers from the ages of 12 to 18 should be getting 8-9 hours of sleep per night. In fact, up until the age of 25, it is still important for them to continue getting at least 7-9 hours of sleep in a 24 hour period.


Teenagers have a lot of competition for their time and are prone to skip sleep to compensate. However, it’s important for parents to continue to encourage healthy sleep patterns that will serve them well into their adult years. They may seem like they can function well on little sleep, but that doesn’t mean skipping sleep is beneficial.



Final Thoughts


Parents who ask “How many hours of sleep do kids need?” are on the right track. Sleep is very important at every age, and parents can help their children tremendously by setting up schedules and routines to ensure their children get enough rest. Every developmental phase comes with its own sleep disruptors. However, consistency in nighttime routines, maintaining a dark sleep environment and avoiding electronics in the bedroom help ensure proper rest.


It’s natural to push bedtime later as children grow older. However, it is still important to ensure that it isn’t too late so that at each phase children have enough time to get all the sleep they need before waking up for the next day.

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How to Discipline a Child – 7 Ways to Build Exemplary Character

As a parent, you should love your children no matter what. However, it is to their benefit to learn discipline from an early age. You should also start holding them accountable for their actions. When a child does something wrong, they need to be punished. It can be difficult for some parents to do, but it’s crucial to exercise your authority. If you don’t teach your children that their actions have consequences, they’re going to lose any sense of moral compass. Discipline isn’t a matter of being cruel to your children. As long as a punishment is fair based on their action, you should go with it.

How to discipline a child varies based on age and maturity. A toddler who draws on the wall should be disciplined differently from a teenager who gets in a fight. It’s not about being cruel to your child or making them feel bad. It’s about teaching them important lessons. This article will show you the best way of how to discipline a child.

naughty little girl sticking tongue out and pulling her two sided pony tails

1. Speak Plainly with Them

When your child does something wrong, you need to punish them and tell them why. For younger children, you need to use more simplified language. Older children and teenagers require more complexity in your tone. You need to make sure that they’re punished as soon as possible.

If you let things linger, you might lose your resolve. Let them know right away how upset you are and that they need to be punished. When learning how to discipline a child, you learn how to be confident with your authority. If you’re at all unsure or reluctant, take the time to rehearse what you say. You can also discuss with your spouse or significant other how best to deliver the punishment.

2. Make It Last

Some punishments warrant sending a child to their room for a few hours. However, others need to be more severe. If your child does something deliberately that they know is wrong, you can give them a long-term punishment. For instance, if a teen sneaks out and goes to a party, they should be grounded.

When the punishment is over, it shouldn’t be forgotten. You should make sure they know you’re remembering what they did. There might be permanent changes that you demand. Your teen could be punished with a security system that only deactivates with a code you know. It might not be forever, but it can stick with them long enough to make a difference.

3. Give Them A Task

Discipline can stick more if you have your child do something good as a remedy. If they did something wrong, give them a chance to do something better. You could have them do chores around the house. Another option is to sign them up for community service.

They might be resistant, but it’s important that they learn how to bring good to the world. It’s also likely that they’ll feel pride when it’s all done. You want to boost your child’s self-esteem in the aftermath. They might be inspired to make a lifestyle change based on your disciplining.

4. Make Expectations Clear

angry mother scolding baby boy in kids room

The purpose of discipline is to make sure your child doesn’t repeat a mistake. If your punishment just feels like you are mad, it’s unlikely to stick. Instead, you need to tell them about why what they did was wrong and how it wouldn’t be tolerated.

You shouldn’t try to shame them any more than necessary. Doing so would just make you malicious. Instead, you need to be adamant yet also rational. Passivity will only let them feel like you’re not serious about punishing them. Let them know that your disciplining is for the good of both of you.

5. Listen to Them

You want to have effective communication with your child. To make this possible, you need to listen to them. While you shouldn’t let them excuse their behavior, you should give them a voice. Ask them to explain, in their words, what they did and why it was wrong. Have them tell you what they would do to make sure it doesn’t happen again.

If they aren’t sure about why what they did was wrong, let them ask questions. Use a calm but stern tone of voice. You don’t want to let your anger overwhelm you. If stressed, take the time for some deep breaths before talking with them. You want to have a relationship of mutual trust between yourself and your child.

6. Be Kind

You know how undying your love for your child is, but they might not realize it. While you might be mad at them, it’s out of love. Make sure that they know how much you care for them. When they understand what they did wrong and are accepting their punishment, you can move on together.

They might feel very sensitive in the aftermath. Give them a hug and tell them you love them. You should also let them understand that you’re both human and that you make mistakes too. The bond between a parent and child is sacred and shouldn’t be ruined by transient moments.

7. Let Them Choose Their Punishment

As part of your communication with your child, you can let them decide their punishment.

However, make sure it counts as a punishment, not something that lets them off easily. On the other hand, the result shouldn’t be too punitive as well. You should make the decision for younger children, but pre-teens and teens can make this decision by themselves. Ask them what they have in mind. You will have your own punishments in mind, but they might give you a new idea. The two of you can discuss your ideas to come to an agreement.



Disciplining a child does not have to be an entirely unpleasant experience. You can strengthen your bond and assert your authority. If you have advice regarding how to discipline a child, please share with us. It’s imperative that you help your children to grow into the best person possible. By learning how to discipline a child properly, you can give them a lifelong gift.

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